Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza seems to have led to an outbreak of misinformation and misunderstandings. Here are some of the most common myths about the avian influenza outbreak.
Myth: Turkey prices will rise.
Truth: Prices for whole turkeys have risen 3% since mid-April. Boneless, skinless breast meat (used in lunch meat) prices have risen 10% in the same time period. Turkey remains a healthy, economical protein.
Myth: There will be a Thanksgiving turkey shortage.
Truth: While the bird flu outbreak has been devastating to farmers involved, it has only affected 2.5% of annual turkey production in the US. And most of the birds affected have been larger toms instead of the smaller hens that are traditionally marketed at Thanksgiving.
Myth: Poultry is unsafe to eat.
Truth: Every flock is tested for avian influenza before going to market. This practice was put in place long before this outbreak. There is no reason to worry about the safety of poultry in the wake of avian influenza.
Myth: Only big “factory farms” get bird flu.
Truth: As of 5/27/15 there have been 179 cases reported in the US, and 18 of them (10%) have been “backyard” flocks. Some experts believe there may be more backyard cases that have not been reported. Small, backyard flocks are less likely to be tested than larger flocks.
The turkey farms affected have all been family farms, many of which have been raising turkeys for generations. The farmers and industry have done everything possible to prevent an outbreak, and experts are unsure how the virus is spreading. When more research is available, changes may be made in housing or farm management to prevent a similar outbreak in the future.
In 1996 Governor Branstad passed legislation that allowed 47 turkey farmers to form a closely held cooperative and purchase a meat processing plant. In September, 17 years later, the governor toured one of the facilities owned by those Iowa farmers.
West Liberty Foods was formed by the Iowa Turkey Growers Cooperative in 1996 after then owner Oscar Mayer closed the plant. “We were turkey farmers without a place for our turkeys,” explained Noel Thompson, turkey farmer and current president of the Iowa Turkey Federation. Thompson, along with 46 other turkey farmers, formed the Iowa Turkey Growers Cooperative and bought the processing facility.
West Liberty Foods has grown exponentially since that time. With processing facilities in West Liberty and Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, Tremonton, Utah and Bolingbrook, Illinois, the company now has the capacity to produce 300 million pounds of slicing, individually quick frozen and water cooked products annually, and employs 1,900. “Early on, I visited West Liberty when the plant there was just opened, but you’ve grown tremendously and it’s great to be here,” remarked the governor.
The Mt. Pleasant facility, which slices and packages cooked proteins, employs over 500 people in southeast Iowa. It is home to a state of the art High Pressure Pasteurization unit, which provides food quality extension and longer shelf life while reducing dependence on preservatives.
The company’s dedication to food safety was evident throughout the governor and lieutenant governor’s tour. Employees all complete a four day food safety training upon hiring, and visitors (even the governor and lieutenant governor) are required to complete an abbreviated version of the training before entering the processing area. Tour participants were given their own personal protective equipment, boots and jackets and were able to view processing line activity through large windows. Each of the 20 processing lines has separate air handling systems, drain systems, supplies and tools,.
Thompson reiterated the role Governor Branstad had in laying the groundwork for the Iowa Turkey Grower’s Cooperative to form and buy the West Liberty, Iowa plant. “At that time, Governor Branstad was pushing through the legislature a bill that would allow small farmers like us to create closed co-ops…in other words, closely held co-ops…by pushing that legislation and then signing that legislation, the governor gave us a tool by which we could form this entity so that we could actually put this whole thing together and finance this thing. We owe a lot to Governor Branstad. He is certainly partly responsible today for our success because he allowed us to be here.”
Three of West Liberty Foods’ four facilities are verified “landfill free” by NSF International Strategic Registrations. This means that less than 1% of the facilities’ waste is sent to a landfill.
Lieutenant Governor Kim Reynolds, was impressed by the facilities. “It’s so wonderful to come back to the community and see its continued success,” remarked Reynolds, who lived in Mt. Pleasant for several years. “The technology is phenomenal.”
West Liberty Foods supplies over 80% of Subway’s meat nationally, and Governor Branstad is doing his part to support this Iowa company. “I’m…a big customer of the 6-inch turkey sandwich at Subway. My goal is to go to every Subway in Iowa, and there are a lot of them.”